This pillar contributes to SDG 16:

16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere

16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organised crime

16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels

16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance

16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements

16.A Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime


In light of the SDG 16, UNITAR, through the Pillar “Conflict and Post-Conflict Reintegration & Social Inclusion”, is carrying out initiatives aimed at creating peaceful, just and inclusive societies in which everyone is safe from violence, poverty and enjoys equal opportunities. Especially in conflict and post-conflict situations, when human rights are systematically violated, and the rule of law is weak, there is the need to recreate the social thread, avoiding violence through peaceful resolution of conflicts and reconciling those that before were fighting each other. UNITAR’s work is committed to support stakeholders strengthening their capacities to achieve this goal.

UNITAR is developing initiatives aimed at supporting local, national, regional and international stakeholders enhancing their capacities in addressing the needs of those population groups that not only are at highest risk of poverty but are also the most vulnerable in conflict and post-conflict contexts, thus more likely to be excluded from decision-making processes: members of marginalised communities, ethnic and racial minorities, indigenous peoples, abductees or victims. UNITAR is also engaged in creating peaceful and inclusive societies by promoting the needs of former members of armed forces and groups, people previously associated with armed forces and groups, dependents/families of ex-combatants, civilian returnees or ‘self-demobilized’ when going back to civilian life.

Moreover, UNITAR is a member of the United Nations Inter-Agency Working Group (IAWG) on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) and of the Integrated DDR Training Group (IDDRTG). At the same time the Institutes is developing an initiative with the African Union to operationalise through trainings the AU DDR Operations Guidance Note (OGN). Through the different initiatives on DDR, UNITAR intends to contribute to the efforts of the international community to promote effective implementation and DDR programmes and processes through the creation of synergies that will build on relevant experience of different stakeholders. In supporting the harmonization of contents and initiatives, UNITAR wants to help creating a common framework in which DDR operates.

UNITAR is also supporting the UN Department of Peace Operations (DPO) and the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) implementing a joint project on “Effective Weapons Management in a Changing DDR Context”. This initiative is designed to enable DDR practitioners to design effective, tailored arms and ammunition management operations – in both traditional and ‘second generation’ DDR settings – which are guided by the most relevant, globally accepted standards (IDDRS, MOSAICS and IATG) and are consistent with international and regional commitments of local Governments.


  • Build and strengthen the capacity of national, regional and international stakeholders and practitioners to implement emerging as well as traditional Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration programmes and processes in line with the international standards and guidelines, such as the UN Integrated Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration Standards (IDDRS) and the AU DDR Operations Guidance Note (OGN).
  • Strengthen capacities of DDR stakeholders and practitioners to design and implement effective and tailored disarmament and weapons and ammunition management (WAM) operations coherently with the most relevant, globally accepted standards, and consistent with international and regional commitments of local Governments.
  • Enhance capacity of national human rights Institutions to effectively carry out their mandate of protection and promotion of human rights promoting their role in conflict resolution, management and peacebuilding, as well as in social inclusion processes.
  • Empower vulnerable population (victims of the conflict, minorities, indigenous peoples, etc.) and reinforce direct engagement in social cohesion mechanism as crucial factor for conflict prevention and conflict resolution.

Target Audiences

  • Practitioners in the field – in both mission and non-mission context
  • National human rights institutions
  • Community leaders       
  • Members of marginalised communities and vulnerable populations

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