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Almost every country in the world holds foreign currency reserves or “FX reserves”, which are assets of the central bank held in different reserve currencies, most commonly the US Dollar, used to back its liabilities. Foreign exchange reserves held by the Central Bank are a major national asset and a primary tool of monetary and exchange rate policy.
Chemical hazards’ classification and communication systems are key elements of the sound management of chemicals. To harmonise these systems worldwide, the United Nations adopted, in 2003, the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). The GHS is an important tool for countries to develop or modify national programmes and to facilitate trade.
UNITAR is delighted to start the new "International Law in Focus" workshop series that will explore cutting-edge legal topics.
In 2000, the United Nations adopted the Millennium Development Goals that challenged the global community to reduce poverty and increase the health and well-being of all peoples. Particularly, the global sanitation target was to half the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation by the year 2015.
In today's economic and social environment, issues related to social responsibility and sustainability are gaining more importance, especially in the business sector. Business goals are inseparable from the societies and environments within which they operate.
Transparency in public finance is a constant preoccupation of modern administrations and citizenries, as the publicity of public expenditure and borrowing, the uniformisation of national accounts, citizen participation in government decisionmaking, and the introduction of various forms of control of government activity have become the rule rather than the exception in all geographies.
The essence of international financial governance consists of providing support to the international monetary system that is predictable and stable and that facilitates payments for international economic transactions.
The Division for Multilateral Diplomacy of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) is pleased to announce its upcoming Online Certificate on Essential Professional Skills taking place this fall. The online certificate will consist of a series of e-workshops targeted to working professionals and individuals seeking to improve their professional skills.
En los últimos 20 años los desastres han afectado a 4.400 millones de personas, han causado 2 billones de dólares de daños y han matado a 1,3 millones de personas. Los desastres han afectado a las personas que viven en los países en desarrollo y, en particular, a las comunidades más vulnerables de esos países.
Over the past 20 years, disasters have affected billions of people, caused USD$ trillions of damage, and killed millions of people. Disasters have affected people living in developing countries and, in particular, the most vulnerable communities within these countries.